AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a syndrome caused by a virus called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus). The illness alters the immune system, making people much more vulnerable to infections and diseases. This susceptibility worsens as the syndrome progresses.
HIV is found in the body fluids of an infected person (semen and vaginal fluids, blood and breast milk). The virus is passed from one person to another through blood-to-blood and sexual contact.
These are some of the indications and signs that can occur with HIV infection:
This may be an early symptom of HIV infection as the body reacts to the viral infection. Also, it can happen later in the disease because the immune system of the infected individuals becomes compromised. Sore throat can be triggered by thrush in the mouth or esophagus, and ulcers. Check with your doctor if you are having chronic throat problems.
Unrelenting headaches are one of the first symptoms of the flu related symptoms of HIV. These headaches can turn into chronic debilitating migraines. If a person has a migraine for 15 or more days per month, it means that the migraines are chronic. 50% of people infected with HIV will suffer from headaches as a symptom, while 27% will have chronic migraines.
As the disease progresses, weight loss is inevitable. When first infected, the flu like symptoms can trigger nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting. This can lead to a temporary weight loss.
Experiencing pain in the joints and sore muscles are common symptoms of HIV infection that happens in the early flu like phase. This can be triggered by the swollen lymph nodes, or from rheumatic illnesses. Rheumatic disease affects body’s muscles and joints, causing inflammation. It can lead to arthritis, fibromyalgia, and vasculitis. These symptoms can also be caused by some HIV medications.
Be cautious for fevers as an HIV symptom after having unprotected sex. You may be experiencing flu-like symptoms early after being infected by HIV. You may be experiencing a low grade fever that cannot be cured with medication. Also, you may have night sweats die to the fever. The fever is an inflammatory reaction to the virus entering your blood stream.
A long term symptom of HIV infection can be a dry, persistent cough. It is not typically cured with medications like antibiotics and cough suppressants. A cough may be an early sign because the body reacts to the virus. Also, it is a long term symptom caused by the damaged immunity. The cough may turn into pneumonia, which can be a severe indication with dangerous effects.
Swollen Lymph Nodes
This can be an initial sign of HIV infection. The swelling usually happens in the neck, under arms, and groin region. Any abnormal swelling can be a symptom because lymph nodes are distributed all throughout the body. Lymph nodes swell as the immune system is activated and the body combats infection.