Sensitive teeth can be an early warning of more severe dental problems. Many people are dealing with this problem, but people between the age of 20-40 most commonly have the problem with sensitive teeth. Also, women tend more to be affected than men.
What causes this condition?
The tooth enamel covers the tooth and protects it. Underneath it is the dentine, which if exposed, makes the tooth sensitive. The causes of sensitive teeth are:
Brushing teeth too hard and from side to side can wear away the enamel. If the enamel is wear off, the dentine will be exposed and the tooth will become sensitive.
The tooth enamel can be attacked by the acid found in acidic food and drinks.
Gums can shrink back, so the teeth roots will be exposed. Because they are not protected from enamel, the teeth roots are more sensitive.
Tartar or a build-up of plaque can shrink the gums and destroy the bony support of the tooth. In the gums around teeth can be formed pockets, which make it harder to clean the area, so the problem gets even worse.
The tooth enamel can be worn away by clenching and grinding the teeth together.
If you have a cracked tooth or feeling can cause discomfort on extreme temperatures, particularly cold.
Tooth bleaching can cause sensitivity during the procedure or afterwards.
Sensitivity is more likely to be felt while drinking or eating something cold, from cold air catching your teeth, and at times with hot foods or drinks. Also, sensitivity is felt when having sweet or acidic food and drinks.
How to treat sensitive teeth at home?
On the market, you can find many toothpaste brands that can ease pain triggered by sensitive teeth. Brush teeth twice daily and rub it on the sensitive areas.
What to avoid if having sensitive teeth?
Avoid acidic, hot or cold foods and drinks, and ice cream because they increase the sensitivity of teeth. If you need to, wash teeth with warm water. Sensitive teeth can get irritated if you brush with cold water. Using warm water won’t decrease sensitivity, but it’ll make you feel better. Also, it is highly important to brush teeth frequently, so the problem won’t escalate.
How to prevent sensitivity?
Brush teeth at night and at least once during the day using fluoride toothpaste. Find and use toothpaste designed for sensitive teeth. Brush teeth using small, circular movements with a soft- to medium-bristled brush. Avoid brushing teeth from side to side.
DIY whitening treatments can contain abrasive ingredients that worsen tooth sensitivity and cause pain. Whiten teeth no more than once every 6 months.
Don’t forget to change the toothbrush every two to three months or even sooner if it is
Consume sugary food, frizzy and acidic drinks in moderation.
If you have the habit of grinding your teeth, ask your doctor if you need to get a mouthguard made and wear it at night.
Consult your dentist before having a treatment of teeth bleaching.